Clinical Psychological Interventions
- Assessment and diagnosis of childhood developmental disorders like Autism, Mental Retardation, Down’s syndrome, Cerebral Palsy
- Carrying out ongoing assessments and providing recommendations for necessary Interventions.
- Parental Guidance and counseling.
- Individual and Group counseling for children with emotional issues.
- Behaviour Therapy for the management of problem behaviors.
- Family counseling involving parents and siblings for providing a healthy environment in the family for the overall development of the child.
- Referrals to multidisciplinary team for overall assessment and interventions.
Occupational therapy treatment focuses on helping children to achieve independence in all areas of their lives. Occupational Therapy involves the therapeutic use of purposeful activities to assist with development, learning, social, motor skills, self-care and play. Activities focus on improving the child’s occupational roles, sensory, physical, academic, social and emotional abilities. This typically includes muscle strengthening and range of motion of the hands and body, work on bilateral coordination (using two hands together), motor planning, visual perception skills, visual motor skills and cognitive-perceptual skills. It also includes adaptations or modifications of the fine motor and self care tasks (cutting, writing, tying shoes) that are difficult for the individual child.
Children might need Occupational Therapy if:
The Occupational Therapy utilizes the following research based therapeutic approaches to meet the needs of the children:
- Sensory Integration
- Neurodevelopment Treatment Techniques (NDT)
- Motor Learning
Sensory integration is a specialty area of occupational therapy that is based on over 40 years of theory and research. The term “sensory integration” refers to:
Most children with Sensory Processing Disorder (SPD) are just as intelligent as their peers. Many are intellectually gifted. Their brains are simply wired differently. They need to be taught in ways that are adapted to how they process information, and they need leisure activities that suit their own sensory processing needs.
Occupational therapy with a sensory integration approach typically takes place in a sensory-rich environment sometimes called the “OT gym.” During OT sessions, the therapist guides the child through fun activities that are subtly structured so the child is constantly challenged but always successful.
Physiotherapy for special needs children aims to rehabilitate and improve children with movement disorders by using different methods of exercise and adaptive equipments.
Physiotherapy focuses on improving gross motor skills and mobility of a child. Children with physical, developmental or neurological disabilities and musculoskeletal problems will benefit from physiotherapeutic interventions. It also promotes good posture and improves the child’s core stability.
The treatment can benefit children with:
- Poor quality of movement / gait.
- Poor co-ordination and balance.
- Limited movements with muscles and joints.
- Those with deformities.
Physiotherapy assessment Includes:
- Prognosis plan of care.
- Implementation of Appropriate Interventions :
- Muscle performance exercises strength and endurance training.
- Stretching techniques or joint mobilization techniques.
- Neurodevelopment (NDT) approach.
- Proprioceptive Neuro facilitation (PNF )techniques.
- Postural control, body mechanics and stabilization exercises.
- Recommend special furniture for better positioning of the limbs.
- Advice of splints or footwear is suggested.
- Home programme for long term results.
Speech therapy services are provided by speech-language pathologist that helps improve a child’s verbal and nonverbal communication skills. Depending on the area of deficit, speech therapy may focus on improving several different areas such as speech production, understanding and expressing language, social skills, and feeding or swallowing.
What is a Speech-Language Pathologist?
A speech-language pathologist is a professional who specializes in working with individuals to improve their communication and feeding skills. In pediatrics, a speech-language pathologist works to develop and maximize the child’s speech, language, and feeding skills in a motivating play setting with the goal of increasing their independence and ability to communicate.
How do I know if my child needs speech therapy?
Your child may benefit from speech therapy if:
- They are not meeting the expected developmental milestones during the first 15-24 months of life (i.e., cooing, babbling, producing first word(s), putting two words together to produce phrases and short sentences)
- They have difficulty coordinating and planning oral motor movements (tongue, lips) to formulate sounds/syllables or have weak oral motor movements (i.e., weak jaw and/or tongue strength)
- They have articulation difficulties where their speech consists of substitutions ( i.e., “f” for “th,” “w” for “l”), distortions (i.e., the “s” sound may be a lisp or sounds messy), omissions (i.e., the word “cat” is produced “ca.”)
- They have weaknesses in receptive language skills or the ability to understand language. These difficulties may include the following: following simple directions, identifying spatial and temporal concepts, understanding prepositions, identifying antonyms, synonyms, multiple meaning words, etc
- They have weaknesses in expressive language skills or the ability to communicate through words, facial expressions, gestures, or other nonverbal forms. These difficulties may include the following: formulating grammatically correct sentences, expressing relationships between word meaning, vocabulary development/word finding, answering –wh questions, sequencing, etc.
- They have difficulties in social situations, such as appropriate turn-taking skills, eye-contact, understanding a communication partner’s feelings, introducing and maintaining a topic, etc.
- They have a limited food repertoire or have a food repertoire that is limited to certain textures, such as puree.
- They have numerous disfluencies where they may repeat a sound, word, or phrase before completing a sentence.
They have poor vocal quality, such as a hoarse or weak voice as well as vocal nodules