Special Education is specially designed instruction to the unique requirements of children with special needs.
It includes a comprehensive screening and diagnosis by a multidisciplinary team and the development of an Individualized Education Plan (IEP) for each student. This is a “tailor made plan” considering the unique needs of each child.
Children at APEX CSE fall into two categories, educable and trainable.
Educable: Students who are capable of gaining knowledge from general curriculum with required modification and adaptation in content and teaching methods.
Trainable: Students who are unable to follow the academics will gain the adequate skills through Pre Vocational Training program along with functional academics.
Special Education Services in APEX-CSE
- Assessment – Services including Psycho-Educational
- Planning, Implementation and Evaluation if Individualized Educational Program(IEP)
- Behaviour Modification
- Counselling and Guidance for parents
- Therapeutic Intervention which includes, Speech Therapy, Physiotherapy and Occupational Therapy
- Inclusive Education
- Vocational Guidance
- Assessments, assessment for intellectual functioning ASD/ADHD
APEX-CSE (CENTRE FOR SPECIAL EDUCATION)
APEX-CSE is a comprehensive set up for children with special needs, who are in the age group between four and eighteen. It is a full-fledged centre catering to children with varied intellectual, communication and sensory / motor limitations, and diagnosed with challenges like attention deficit disorder, autism, cerebral palsy, down syndrome, learning disability, and visual impairment, amongst others.
APEX-CSE was set up in 1992 by a small but highly dedicated band of volunteers. It started as a recreation centre twice a week in the evenings for a few children, over the period it has grown multifold with the help of ISM and many dedicated community supporters into a regular school imparting a range of specialized education and training.
The APEX-CSE is located in the Indian School Muscat, under the aegis of the BOD, financially supported by all capital schools and administratively supported by ISM.
One of the primary objectives of the APEX-CSE is to implement Inclusive Education in all Indian schools.
APEX-CSE is driven by a multidisciplinary team consisting of special educators, rehabilitation professionals, clinical psychologist, speech therapist, occupational therapist, physiotherapist and administrative staff.
This team is assisted by a band of regular, committed and trained volunteers. The volunteers initially receive a guided and closely monitored on-the-job training in the classroom.
Further there are regular training programmes conducted at the Centre on a variety of related topics for the staff, volunteers and parents.
APEX-CSE is equipped with the basic educational tools and facilities, and also has a library containing a reasonable collection of books relevant to the field of special education.
The Centre has duly recognized the importance of reaching out to as many people as possible and creating awareness regarding special needs. This aim is achieved through awareness campaigns, workshops, sale of articles, regular interaction with children in the main stream, and participation in charity fairs and exhibitions held by various organizations.
CONDITIONS ENTERED AT CSE
Mental retardation is a disability characterized by significant limitations, both in intellectual functioning and in adaptive behavior, as expressed in conceptual, social and practical adaptive skills, the disability originating before the age of 18.
Down syndrome is a congenital disorder arising from a chromosome defect, causing intellectual impairment and physical abnormalities including short stature and a broad facial profile, developmental delays and other problems. It arises from a defect involving chromosome 21, usually an extra copy (trisomy – 21). Down syndrome varies in severity, so developmental problems range from moderate to severe.
Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD)
‘Autism Spectrum disorder’ is the term frequently used to refer to the group of disorders included under the general heading of the pervasive developmental disorders (PDD) ‘characterised by qualitative abnormalities in reciprocal social interactions and in patterns of verbal and non-verbal communication, and by a restricted, stereotyped, repetitive repertoire of interests and activities.’ It is defined by symptoms appearing before the age of three. Many children with autism are also cognitively delayed, but the presence and severity of specific symptoms and degree of intellectual impairment is quite variable. Aside from sharing problems in the above areas, children with autism are quite different from each other, in areas like speech, handling emotions, play and leisure skills.
‘Seizure Disorder’ more commonly known as Epilepsy, is a neurological condition in which the brain’s abnormal electrical activity causes muscular convulsions and altered mental states. Intellectual development may not be hampered but it is observed to deteriorate if seizures are not under control. Medication under Neurologist’s supervision is essential.
Cerebral Palsy (CP)
Cerebral palsy (CP) is an umbrella term that refers to a group of disorders affecting a person’s ability to move. It is a permanent life-long condition, but generally does not worsen over time. It is due to damage to the developing brain either during pregnancy or shortly after birth. Cerebral palsy affects people in different ways and can affect body movement, muscle control, muscle coordination, muscle tone, reflex, posture and balance. People who have cerebral palsy may also have visual, learning, hearing, speech, epilepsy and intellectual impairments.
Microcephaly is a Neuro developmental disorder. An abnormally small head due to failure of brain growth. Microcephaly is an ominous sign because it is almost always associated with developmental delay and mental retardation.
1. Usually congenital condition in which an abnormal accumulation of fluid in the cerebral ventricles causes enlargement of the skull and compression of the brain, destroying much of the neural tissue.
2. It is a condition characterized by an abnormal increase in the amount of fluid in the cranium, esp. in young children, causing enlargement of the head and deterioration of the brain.
Learning Disability (LD)
A childhood disorder characterized by difficulty with certain skills such as reading, writing or arithmetic in individuals with normal intelligence. Learning disabilities affect the ability to interpret what one sees and hears or the ability to link information from different parts of the brain. These limitations can show up in many ways – as specific difficulties with spoken and written language, reasoning, calculations, coordination, self-control, or attention. Such difficulties extend to school work and can impede learning to read or write, or to do math.
The various groups in CSE are classified based on functionality, given the specific needs that are to be addressed at each progressive stage. The present grouping is as below:
Pre-Primary Group 1
An early intervention group, it addresses children with entry level low skills. Children are less than 6 years of age.
Pre-Primary Group 2
This group addresses children low to Mid level skills and the children are in the age group of six years and above.
Preliminary Group 1
This Group addresses children with mid level skills but high age. Children in this group are of years of age and above.
Preliminary Group 2
This Group focuses on activities of daily living, functional academics and sight word reading. Children in this group are 8 years of age and above.
Like Skills Training Group 1
The Group caters to low skill level who are not suitable to be placed in the Functional Skill Training Group.
Like Skills Training Group 2
The Group caters to mid-skill level. Focus is on Functional academic, ADL and modes of communication. Age level is 12 yrs and above.
Functional Skills Training Group
This Group focuses on activities of daily living, functional academics and sight word reading. Children in this group are 10 years of age and above.
Pre Vocational 1
This group focuses on activities of daily living and functional academics. Children in this group have higher skills are in the age 11 years of age and above
Pre Vocational 2
This group focuses on Std.5 functional academics. Children in this group have achieved activities of daily living and are in the age group of 14 years to 18 years. They are trained for various per-vocational skills.
This group focuses on syllabus equivalent to KG 1 and KG 2. Training is given in activities of daily living. Children in this group are 5 years of age and above.
This group focuses on syllabus equivalent to Std.1 and Std.2 academics and training children in activities of daily living. Children in this group are 7 years of age and above.
Progressive Group 1
This group focuses on modified syllabus of Std. 3 and higher academics. Children are ADL independent.
Progressive Group 2
This group focuses on modified syllabus of Std.5 and higher academics, final aim being NIOS. Children are ADL independent.
CSE undertakes a range of support activities:
These are provided in the evening hours for children in the regular school who need one on one intervention due to varying learning difficulties. Follow up is undertaken by liasoning with the class teachers to obtain first hand information on the children’s performance, based on which coping techniques are suggested. Therapists are available by prior appointment.